Climate change vulnerability (or climate vulnerability or climate risk vulnerability) is an assessment of vulnerability to climate change used in discussion of society’s response to climate change, for processes like climate change adaptation, evaluations of climate risk or in determining climate justice concerns.
What causes climate vulnerability?
Vulnerability is determined by economic, institutional, and political capacities of different people affected by climate‐related impacts (Bohle et al., 1994). If access to resources is limited by income or wealth, vulnerability results from a lack of economic capacity.
What are the vulnerabilities of climate change?
5,6 This report contributes to a better under- standing of the degree to which socially vulnerable populations may be more exposed to the highest impacts of climate change in six categories: Air Quality and Health; Extreme Temperature and Health; Extreme Temperature and Labor; Coastal Flooding and Traffic; Coastal …
What is climate vulnerability index?
It presents a climate vulnerability index (CVI) of states and union territories by mapping exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. A CVI would help to map critical vulnerabilities, and plan strategies to enhance resilience and adapt by climate-proofing communities, economies and infrastructure.
How do you measure vulnerability to climate change?
An urban vulnerability index (UVI) that measures vulnerability to climate changes is a crucial part of the adaptation capacity building process. An UVI is an assessment, information and monitoring tool. As an assessment tool, it helps identify risks and vulnerabilities.
What does economic vulnerability mean?
In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks.
What are the types of vulnerability?
Types of vulnerability include social, cognitive, environmental, emotional or military. In relation to hazards and disasters, vulnerability is a concept that links the relationship that people have with their environment to social forces and institutions and the cultural values that sustain and contest them.
What are the 4 main types of vulnerability?
The different types of vulnerability
In the table below four different types of vulnerability have been identified, Human-social, Physical, Economic and Environmental and their associated direct and indirect losses.
What are the most vulnerable sectors impacted by climate change?
Warmer temperatures, sea level rise and extreme weather will damage property and critical infrastructure, impact human health and productivity, and negatively affect sectors such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism.
Can climate change be mitigated?
Mitigation – reducing climate change – involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, either by reducing sources of these gases (for example, the burning of fossil fuels for electricity, heat or transport) or enhancing the “sinks” that accumulate and store these gases (such as the …
Who is most vulnerable to climate change?
Other groups that are particularly vulnerable to the health effects of climate change include: pregnant women, immigrant groups (including those with limited English proficiency), indigenous peoples, the disabled, vulnerable occupational groups, such as workers who are exposed to extreme weather, and people with pre- …
Why Pakistan is vulnerable to climate change?
Pakistan is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic location, high dependence on agriculture and water resources, low adaptive capacity of its people, and weak system of emergency preparedness.
How does the climate affect the Philippines?
Impacts of climate change in the Philippines are immense, including: annual losses in GDP, changes in rainfall patterns and distribution, droughts, threats to biodiversity and food security, sea level rise, public health risks, and endangerment of vulnerable groups such as women and indigenous people.
What are human vulnerabilities?
Human operators are part of the cybernetic system and the main access gate to the overall hardware and software network. Human Vulnerability is a specific code or metaprogram hard wired in human mind that can be exploited to cause harm. … Exploitation may occur via a known or unknown attacker.