Trees and other vegetation can affect urban mesoclimate and microclimate by intercepting solar radiation, directing air movement, and influencing air temperature. Trees, shrubs, and other plants shade buildings, intercept solar radiation, and cool the air through evapotranspiration.
How do trees moderate the climate?
Trees affect our climate, and therefore our weather, in three primary ways: they lower temperatures, reduce energy usage and reduce or remove air pollutants. Each part of the tree contributes to climate control, from leaves to roots. Leaves help turn down the thermostat.
How does forest affect the climate?
Forests, in turn, affect climate by removing and releasing large amounts of atmospheric carbon, absorbing or reflecting solar radiation (albedo), cooling through evapotranspiration and producing cloud-forming aerosols (Arneth et al., 2010; Pielke et al., 2011).
How do forests help maintain global climate?
They absorb greenhouse gases, regulate water flows and protect coastal communities from extreme events and sea level rise. In addition, they provide migrating plant and animal species routes to resilient habitats. Forests and trees are a cornerstone of addressing climate change.
How does a forest maintain temperature?
Forests regulate climate at local, regional and continental scales, by producing atmospheric moisture and rainfall, and controlling temperature.
How is climate different from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
How does forest support ecological system and moderate climate?
Its erosion is prevented by the forest, which help the soil to maintain its fertility. Forests also help in maintaining the balance between carbon dioxide and oxygen that support moderate global climate. as we know, forests are vital storehouses of carbon on our planet.
What is the climate in forests?
The average temperature in temperate deciduous forests is 50°F (10°C). Summers are mild, and average about 70°F (21°C), while winter temperatures are often well below freezing.
How do forests affect the carbon cycle and climate?
Forests are good carbon sinks as long as they’re managed and remain as forests. Management and forest products can significantly increase the amount of sequestered carbon and reduce additions from fossil fuels.