The word biodiversity is a contraction of the phrase “biological diversity” and was first coined in 1985 by Walter Rosen of the National Research Council as a title word in a seminar he was organizing to discuss biological diversity.
Who gave the concept of biodiversity hotspots?
In 1989, just one year after scientist Norman Myers wrote the paper that introduced the hotspots concept, Conservation International adopted the idea of protecting these incredible places as the guiding principle of our investments. For nearly two decades thereafter, hotspots were the blueprint for our work.
What is concept of biodiversity?
More in Center for Biodiversity & Conservation. The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Who explains biodiversity?
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. … Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence.
Which of the following Environmentalists first gave the concept of biodiversity hotspots * 1 point?
Q. Which of the following Environmentalists first gave the concept of Biodiversity ‘hotspots’ ? Notes: In the year 1988, Norman Myers (British ecologist) published a paper mentioning 10 tropical forest “hotspots.” They were characterized by exceptional levels of plant endemism as well as serious levels of habitat loss.
Which is the largest biodiversity hotspot in India?
The Indo-Burma region, one of the largest hotspots, covers Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos PDR and also includes the Gangetic plains, areas around the Brahmaputra river and parts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What are the three concept of biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity.
What are the three concepts involved in biodiversity?
Three components of biodiversity are ecosystem, species and genetic diversity. Ecosystems perform functions that are essential to human existence such as oxygen and soil production and water purification.
How does this concept apply to biodiversity?
It includes the organisation of organisms at many levels ranging from complete ecosystems to the chemical components that form the molecular basis of heredity. Thus, biodiversity is sum of all the genes, varieties, species, populations in different ecosystems and their relative abundance.
Where did the word biodiversity come from?
The word BIODIVERSITY originates from the Greek word BIOS = LIFE and Latin word DIVERSITAS = VARIETY or DIFFERENCE. The whole word BIO DIVERSITY generally therefore means: VARIETY OF LIFE.
What is the role of biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Which of the following environmentalist is pioneer in resource conservation?
Julia “Butterfly” Hill.
Which of the following is an environmentalist?
The correct answer is Rajendra Chaudhary.