Improper solid waste dumps are spreading different diseases in the study area. … An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity.
How does waste affect the land?
Burning of wastes occurred at multiple levels, from backyard burning to large, open-burning dumps of municipal solid wastes to onsite burning of commercial and industrial wastes. Land disposal created problems such as ground water contamination, methane gas formation and migration, and disease vector hazards.
How do solid wastes lead to land pollution?
1. Leachates from refuge dumps percolates into the soil and contaminate underground water. 2. Scavengers and stray animals invade the roadside garbage and litter the waste over large area causing much aesthetic damage to the atmosphere .
How does solid waste affect the soil?
The solid waste of dumpsite contains various complex characteristics with organic fractions of the highest proportions. As leachate percolates into the soil, it migrates contaminants into the soil and affects soil stability and strength.
What are the effects of waste?
Some of the catastrophic effects of today’s poor waste management systems are listed below:
- Soil Contamination. …
- Water Contamination. …
- Extreme Weather Caused By Climate Change. …
- Air Contamination. …
- Harm Towards Animal and Marine Life. …
- Human Damage.
What are the problems of solid waste?
There are many problems associated with solid wastes:
Solid wastes result in air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. 2. Solid wastes also cause many diseases as these wastes are breeding place for many vectors.
How does pollution affect land animals?
Pollution can cause species to die out, and even cause mass extinction in the indigenous amphibian population. Amphibians breathe through their skin, and are highly affected by any surrounding pollution. Other animals can experience hardships finding food or even moving around with comfort.
What is the main cause of land pollution?
Agricultural activities are one of the major sources of land pollution. The spreading of plant protection products such as pesticides and herbicides, as well as the emissions of livestock buildings and farms are at the origin of soil pollution, in particular by nitrogen and phosphates.
What are the causes and effects of solid waste management?
Solid Waste Management. Causes of Water Pollution. Air Pollution & Its Control.
Major Causes of Solid Waste Pollution
- Commercial establishments.
- Residential houses.
- Debris from construction and demolition.
- Debris from roads (such as asphalt and scrap metal)
- Scrap from vehicles.
How does industrial waste affect soil quality?
Industrial wastes have different amount of toxic contents and hazardous chemicals such that when deposited in soil, they affect the soil layer strength in the top soil, thus reducing the soil fertility and biological activity of the soil.
How do land use practices in farming affect soil?
Agriculture alters the natural cycling of nutrients in soil. Intensive cultivation and harvesting of crops for human or animal consumption can effectively mine the soil of plant nutrients. In order to maintain soil fertility for sufficient crop yields, soil amendments are typically required.
How does waste dump affect the environment?
Poor waste management contributes to climate change and air pollution, and directly affects many ecosystems and species. Landfills, considered the last resort in the waste hierarchy, release methane, a very powerful greenhouse gas linked to climate change.
How does solid waste affect the human health and environment?
Direct handling of solid waste can result in various types of infectious and chronic diseases with the waste workers and the rag pickers being the most vulnerable. … Uncollected solid waste can also obstruct storm water runoff, resulting in the forming of stagnant water bodies that become the breeding ground of disease.
What is meant by solid waste?
RCRA states that “solid waste” means any garbage or refuse, sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant, or air pollution control facility and other discarded material, resulting from industrial, commercial, mining, and agricultural operations, and from community activities.