What are the various roles played by biodiversity?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What is economic role of biodiversity class 11?

Economic Role of Biodiversity

Biodiversity is seen as a reservoir of resources to be drawn upon for the manufacture of food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic products. 3. This concept of biological resources is responsible for the deterioration of biodiversity.

What are the different types of biodiversity class 11?

There are three different levels of biodiversity: Genetic diversity: It refers to the variation of genes within species. Species diversity: It refers to the variety of species. Ecosystem diversity: It refers to the number of ecosystems in a certain area.

What are the 5 reasons biodiversity is important?

Biodiversity provides vital ecosystem functions such as soil fertilization, nutrient recycling, pest and disease regulation, erosion control and crop and tree pollination.

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What is biodiversity class 12th?

Biodiversity can be defined as the occurrence of different types of genes, gene pools, species, habitats and ecosystem in a given region. (i) The term biodiversity was given by a socio biologist Edward Wilson to describe the combined diversity at all the levels of biological organisation.

What is the role of biodiversity on economic ecological and scientific sustainability?

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.

What are the various types of biodiversity?

Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).

What is biodiversity class 8?

Biodiversity means biological variety.It refers to the variety of organism(plants,animals and micro-organism) found in a particular area or habitat. The presence of a large number of organism found in a particular area is called biodiversity.

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.

What role does biodiversity play in ensuring the health of ecosystems?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

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What is biodiversity and importance of biodiversity?

Biodiversity includes the number of different organisms and their relative frequencies in an ecosystem. It also reflects the organization of organisms at different levels. Biodiversity holds ecological and economic significance. It provides us with nourishment, housing, fuel, clothing and several other resources.

What is biodiversity and why is it important for human lives Class 10?

Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services. Note: Species are found 3 million to 100 million on earth.

What is Red Data Book?

A Red Data Book is a document that keeps a record of all the endangered species of animals, plants, and fungi in a country or a state. The International Union for Conservation of Nature established the Red Data Book to safeguard the rare species of flora and fauna on Earth, to prevent their extinction.

What is biodiversity in biology?

The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.

What is biodiversity short answer?

Biodiversity can be described as the sum total of all plants and animals found in a particular area. It is basically a measure of all variations found at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. It is mainly influenced by the environmental, geographical, climatic and topographical conditions of an area.