A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?
The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.
Who called biodiversity hotspot?
The term ‘biodiversity hotspot’ was coined by Norman Myers (1988). He recognized 10 tropical forests as “hotspots” on the basis of extraordinary level of plant endemism and high level of habitat loss, without any quantitative criteria for the designation of “hotspot” status.
What do you mean by biodiversity hotspot in India?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India – Himalayas, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats & Sundaland. … Coined by Norman Myers, the term “Biodiversity hotspots” can be defined as the regions which are known for their high species richness and endemism.
What are hotspots of biodiversity class 12?
Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.
What is hotspot of biodiversity class 11?
The biodiversity hotspot is a geographical area where the biodiversity level is very high. These particular areas contain a large number of different species of animals, plants and microorganisms. … It is mainly found in Western Ghat of India and these groves provide a rich source of biodiversity.
Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?
Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.
What biodiversity means?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What are some examples of biodiversity hotspots?
7 Biodiversity Hotspots You Should Know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
What is biodiversity hotspot Upsc?
Biodiversity hotspots are regions with high species richness and a high degree of endemism. The British biologist Norman Myers coined the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988 as a biogeographic region characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and by serious levels of habitat loss.
What is biodiversity hotspot write down the names and Specialities of two such hotspot of India?
The biodiversity hotspots in India are as follows: The Western Ghats and Sri Lanka. The Eastern Himalayas. Indo-Burma.
What is hotspot short answer?
Hotspot: A hotspot is a physical location where people can access the Internet, typically using Wi-Fi, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) with a router connected to an Internet service provider. … While many public hotspots offer free wireless access on an open network, others require payment.
What are biodiversity hotspots in India 12?
Additional information: India has 4 biodiversity hotspots: The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundarland and it also includes the Nicobar group of Islands. These hotspots have lots of endemic species.