The wetlands of Nepal comprise about 2.6% of the country’s area and are rich in biodiversity, supporting habitat for 172 species of plants, 193 species of birds and 185 species of freshwater fishes 2.
Which region of Nepal is richest in biodiversity Why?
Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also.
Which geographical region is rich in biodiversity?
Rich in endemic plant and animal species, they harbour one third of global terrestrial biodiversity. Biodiversity is high in mountain regions because of their wide range of habitats, varied micro-climates, and ecological conditions.
Why is Nepal considered rich in biodiversity?
Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique physical features, thus we find many types of flora and fauna here. But unfortunately people have polluted and destroyed the habitat of these organisms and due to that everyday one or the other species of certain animals/plants is becoming extinct.
At which position is Nepal in the term of richness of biodiversity?
Nepal ranks 25th in the world in terms of biodiversity wealth.
What are the three geographical regions of Nepal?
Topographically, Nepal is divided into three distinct ecological regions. These are the Mountains, Hills, and Terai (or plains).
Which geographical region of Nepal is known as ecotone?
The timberline is often regarded as the ecotone or ecosystem interface between montane and alpine communities.
Why biodiversity is different in different geographical regions?
There diversity in the ecology of the places which is also termed as ecosystem biodiversity. And due the variation in the ecological regions, diversity arises in the genes and the species of that place. Biodiversity in species is the result of the diversity in the ecological regions.
Which region in Nepal is most affected from deforestation?
Deforestation is one of the major environmental issues in Nepal. Deforestation pressures occur throughout Nepal but are most strongly felt in many parts of Tarai and Churia.
Which biome has the most biodiversity?
Tropical forests have the highest biodiversity and primary productivity of any of the terrestrial biomes.
Why is our country rich in biodiversity?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.
Is rich in biodiversity?
Answer : Option (A) is correct because biodiversity is richer in tropical regions. Tropical forest ecosystems cover less than 10 percent of earth’s surface, and contain about 90% of the world’s species.
In which region of Nepal UWA is found?
Uwa is a village development committee in Rolpa District in the Rapti Zone of north-eastern Nepal.
Which species diversity is more in Nepal?
Species diversity, particularly beta diversity, is very high in Nepal. The country occupies about 0.1 percent of global area, but harbors 3.2 percent and 1.1 percent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. Diversity of birds, bryophytes, mammals, and butterflies is especially high.
Which bird is found in all geographical region of Nepal?
Although more than 800 bird species are found in Nepal, the Spiny Babbler (Turdoides nipalensis) is the only bird that is endemic to the country.
Which region of Nepal is more affected by modernization?
Terai region of Nepal is more affected by modernization.