Tropical rainforests have distinct characteristics that support a wide variety of different species . This means that they have a high biodiversity .
Does the tropical rainforest have a high or low biodiversity?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
Do tropical rainforests have high diversity?
Tropical rainforests support the greatest diversity of living organisms on Earth. Although they cover less than 2 percent of Earth’s surface, rainforests house more than 50 percent of all plants and animals found on land.
Why is biodiversity so high in the tropical rainforest?
Explanation: The high species richness or biodiversity found in tropical rain forests is mainly due to their geographic location and the amount of precipitation they receive. … Plants, which are primary producers, can be limited by many things, such as precipitation, sunlight, nitrogen, soil conditions, and etc.
Which type of rainforest has a higher level of biodiversity?
Tropical rainforests are the most biodiverse habitats on Earth. They are home to a huge number of different plants, animals, fungi and other organisms.
Which ecosystem has highest biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest. Occupying less than one percent of the ocean floor, coral reefs are home to more than 25% of all marine life.
Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Why do the tropics have more biodiversity?
The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Which has more biodiversity a rainforest or a desert?
The biodiversity of these two biomes is vastly different. Both biomes have warm climates, but the desert is very dry, and the rainforest is very wet. The desert has very few organisms, so it has low biodiversity. … In contrast, the rainforest has the highest biodiversity of any biome on Earth.
Why do coral reefs have high biodiversity?
Coral reefs have high levels of biodiversity because of their abundant microhabitats, high levels of nutrients, and high levels of sunlight and warm…
Why does tundra have the lowest biodiversity?
Biodiversity, the amount and variety of life in this tundra environment, is low because; 1. The temperatures and precipitation in these tundra areas are both LOW, and these abiotic factors mean that this is a very difficult environment for life to survive, as there is minimal water and sunlight available for survival.
Why is the biodiversity of the rainforest important quizlet?
is a wide range of plant and animals species. Or the variety of organisms within an ecosystem. … The rainforest is important resource because of its vegetation help clean the earth atmosphere , regulate the climate, and shelter millions species of plants, animals, insects, and fish.
What are examples of biodiversity?
Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
Which causes the biodiversity of rainforests?
The hot and humid climate plays an important role in rainforest variety. As a general rule, diversity and ecosystem productivity increase with the amount of solar energy available to the system. … The primary measure of ecosystem net primary production is the fixation of carbon by plants.